Booster vaccination: When is it necessary?
Most of the Standing Committee on Vaccination (STIKO) of the Robert Koch Institute recommended vaccinations should be carried out within the first two years of life of your child. But many vaccinations need a refresher, thereby protecting against the various diseases remains. Here you can inform you that vaccination when a refreshment needs.
Booster doses - a reminder for the defense forces
Some vaccines, such as MMR vaccination against measles, mumps and rubella, acting after a single, complete basic immunization, preferably in childhood last a lifetime. However, other vaccinations need to be refreshed once or repeatedly to continue to reliably protect against infectious diseases. The booster vaccination therefore represents a kind reminder for the body against which pathogen he has already learned to defend themselves.
Display guide to vaccinations
No other subject is so controversial among parents as the theme vaccination. Is it necessary or just moneymaking? The guide "From practice a pediatrician" gives parents a guide and explains.
At what vaccination, a booster is recommended?
The vaccinations against tetanus, diphtheria and whooping cough are part of the six-fold vaccination and primary immunization should ideally be completed by the beginning of the second year.
- Between 6 and 7 years old, at best, before your child starts school, a first booster vaccination against the three agents is recommended.
- Between 10 and 18 years and another booster is provided.
- Then the vaccine for which a triple vaccine is available, should be regularly refreshed at a distance of ten years in order to ensure a lasting protection.
Vaccination against Poliomyelitis, also known as polio, also requires, if only once, refreshing. This should take place between the 10th and 18th year.
It is important not to fall below the recommended Mindestanstände between the individual Impfauffrischungen since this could impair the effectiveness of vaccination.
For which vaccination necessarily a refresher?
The so-called indication vaccinations by the Standing Committee on Vaccination (STIKO) of the Robert Koch Institute is not generally recommended. They are only appropriate when people are faced with specific contagion, or risk of infection.
- If you live in a risk area, you should get vaccinated against these for protection from the tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) regularly. A refresh of the TBE vaccine is available every three to five years.
- People who run particular risk of becoming infected with rabies, such as veterinarians or foresters should make sure that they are always well protected by a rabies vaccination against pathogens. A booster vaccination should be every two to five years, drawn in consultation with the attending physician, considering.
The vaccines against pneumococcal and influenza, called influenza, do not require refreshing as such. However, it is recommended by the STIKO from the age of 60 years, a regular renewal of immunity. Pneumococcal the recommendation should after every six years be vaccinated against the flu every year even as the pathogens are subject to strong genetic changes.
make up for lack of vaccinations
Some vaccinations can, if they were not carried out according to the immunization schedule STIKO, be rescheduled at a later date. However, pent-up vaccinations are not the same as the refresh of vaccination, since rescheduled the basic immunization against the respective infectious disease by the former, not the vaccination is refreshed.
Among the potential to catch up vaccinations include, for example, vaccination against hepatitis B, which can be made up to the end of the 18th year. Also, a vaccine against human papillomavirus (HPV), which by default is recommended by STIKO for girls up to age 18, is still possible at a later date.
Particularly in or before pregnancy is the restitution women may lack basic immunizations against advocated by the STIKO childhood diseases, such as chickenpox vaccination is strongly recommended. More on "vaccinations in pregnancy" you can read in another article.
The vaccination certificate provides an exact overview of when you or your child vaccinated Were you the last time against a particular infectious disease. If you are unsure whether a booster vaccination is necessary, this Discuss with the doctor, he is sure you answer your questions and possibly help you complete the immunization.