Hydramnios: Causes and Treatment

Have You are your mother's passport in hand and ask yourself what hydramnios name? We tell you what it means, where it comes from and how to treat it.

Hydramnios, what is it?

As hydramnios or Polyhydramnios an excessive amount of amniotic fluid is called. It is noted on page 6 in the mother's passport under "Special findings in pregnancy".


During the checkups, the doctor can examine the amniotic fluid during ultrasound. It shares the ray of the abdomen into four quadrants, measures the size of the fruit water depots and sums them. Based on the values ​​it can detect whether too much amniotic fluid is present

Causes of hydramnios

Causes of Hydramnions can be found both in the fetus and in the pregnant women.

Causes on the part of the mother:

  • present Diabetes (diabetes mellitus)
  • Diseases such as syphilis

Causes on the side of the unborn child:

  • cardiac defect
  • infections
  • Abnormalities of the gastrointestinal tract
  • Developmental disorders of the brain
  • Disorders of bone formation
  • chromosomal abnormalities
  • Cleft lip and palate
  • the embryo takes no or too little amniotic fluid on by drinking

So You realize that you have too much amniotic fluid

There is some evidence by which manifests itself too much amniotic fluid:

  • strong abdominal tenderness or persistent pain
  • blow
  • Pull in the lower abdomen
  • Difficulty breathing
  • dizziness
  • low capacity
  • heartburn
  • constipation
  • Swollen legs
  • varicose veins

If these signs occur very strong before the 37th week of pregnancy, then immediately a doctor should be consulted. Too much amniotic fluid can lead to premature rupture of membranes and trigger premature labor.

So is treated too much amniotic fluid

Hydramnios should be sure to stop by a doctor. Depending on the week of pregnancy and cause the treatment is different. Not always polyhydramnion must be treated medically, because it can also regress in different cases automatically canceled. Should it be necessary, there is a puncture of the amniotic sac, is taken in the amniotic fluid, to drug treatment different ways. Definitely a hydramnios should be observed in order to avert the potential dangers, so regular monitoring in the screening is very important.


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