Rotaviruses are the most common cause of diarrhea or vomiting. The rotavirus vaccination can protect your child successfully against these diseases. Find here the answers to the ten frequently asked questions about rotavirus vaccination.
What are rotavirus?
Rotavirus can occur in principle in both humans and animals. The rotavirus is regarded as the most common pathogens for virus-induced diarrhea and vomiting virus conditional. Main risk of these diseases, which are caused by rotavirus, the significant fluid loss, which threatens a result of diarrhea and vomiting. Diseases that are caused by rotaviruses in this country are required to report by the attending physician and occur most often between the months of February and April.
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Anyone can become infected with rotavirus?
In principle, anyone can become infected with rotavirus. Most commonly, however, infection is in infants and young children aged between 6 and 24 months. That they are more at risk than other groups of people is due to their immune system, which is not yet fully developed. Accordingly, even about 90 percent of all children up to the age of three infected already with the rotavirus, according to the Robert Koch Institute. By the fifth year, it is then all the children generally.
When should the rotavirus vaccination be performed?
If your child is to be vaccinated, it is generally advisable to vaccinate children as early as possible against the rotavirus. Basically baby but on the other hand can be vaccinated only after completion of the sixth week of life. The rotavirus vaccine is administered depending on the type of vaccine two or three times at intervals of four weeks between each dose. In this way, the vaccination has been completed up to the 24th or 26th week of life. It is advisable to incorporate this right into the regular routine examinations (U examinations). It's best to think in this regard consultation with the attending pediatrician.
How does the rotavirus vaccine?
There is since 2006 a total of two licensed rotavirus vaccines that are administered in the form of an oral vaccine and can prevent a severe course of illness due to rotavirus infection. In Germany, these vaccines are approved only for children up to 26 weeks. In both rotavirus vaccines is called live vaccines, which contain a small amount of an attenuated, live viruses. After vaccination, the immune system produces antibodies against the rotavirus forms. With complete immunization does protection last two to three years. By a rotavirus vaccine that occurs in infancy, that can be covered in children so the critical phase, which lasts from 6 to 24 months of age.
For whom the rotavirus vaccination makes sense?
In Germany, the rotavirus vaccine is only approved for children up to 26 weeks. For this reason, even babies can be vaccinated against this country. With your decision whether you now vaccinate your child against rotavirus, the individual social and health situation of your child should be weighed before. Vaccination is especially useful if there is a child Your an increased risk of infection because it has, for example, by the nursery increased contact with other infants or toddlers. advise leave you by a pediatrician.
Who should be vaccinated against rotavirus under any circumstances?
There are groups of people who should undergo under no circumstances a rotavirus vaccination. In the following situations a rotavirus vaccination is not recommended:
- at a hypersensitivity against the vaccine components
- in an existing or suspected immune disorder
- at an existing Darmeinstülpung
- at a disease requiring treatment
How effective is the rotavirus vaccine?
In pivotal studies was a disease caused by rotavirus, successfully averted in 96-98 percent of all cases. Note, however, that not these diarrheal diseases are prevented by the rotavirus vaccination caused by other factors, such as e-coli bacteria or salmonella. Learn More detailed here about other causes that can cause diarrhea.
What are the possible side effects of the rotavirus vaccine?
According to the Robert Koch Institute (RKI) is the risk involved, the rotavirus vaccine, rather small in relation to the benefits. Interactions with other vaccines are not yet known why the vaccine may well be administered simultaneously with other vaccines. It can lead to unwanted side effects in rare cases yet. And as it is with the two approved vaccines to live attenuated vaccines, the symptom that should actually be prevented, can also occur in a weakened form. The most common side effects of rotavirus vaccination are:
- Infections of the upper respiratory tract
- stomach pain
Is the rotavirus vaccination recommended?
The Standing Committee on Vaccination (STIKO) of the Robert Koch Institute has not yet received the rotavirus vaccine in their vaccination recommendations, but leaves stated that the risk involved, the rotavirus vaccine is very low, while the benefits are high. Therefore, the Robert Koch Institute recommends an individual benefit-risk assessment. In contrast, however, are the German Academy of Paediatrics (DAKJ) and the World Health Organization (WHO) for the rotavirus vaccination. According to her, every year two million children fall ill due to rotavirus diarrhea, which is why they need to be hospitalized due to the high fluid loss often. To reduce this number, recommending to introduce vaccination as a worldwide standard vaccination and incorporated into national immunization programs.
Who will pay the costs for the rotavirus vaccine?
As a rule, health insurance companies cover the cost of vaccinations recommended by the STIKO. But as the rotavirus vaccine currently is not among the standard vaccinations, not every health insurance covers the cost of rotavirus vaccination. Therefore you should self-advance check if your health insurance company will pay for a vaccination.